Learn if responsive websites or adaptive websites is right for you.

Do you know the difference between responsive websites vs. adaptive websites?

Picture this: you’re navigating the web in search of the perfect website to inspire your next design.

You have just come across one of the more beautiful sites you’ve seen and you are blown away by the site’s responsive transitions at various browser sizes.

responsive website example


So you ask yourself: could I build a responsive website like this one?

The short answer is YES, but there are things to consider before starting your project:

  • Is responsive design the best implementation technique?
  • Would an adaptive approach better suit your needs?

In this article, we will take a look at the pros, cons, and examples of the two main implementation techniques used by website building platforms and professional agencies: Responsive Web Design and Adaptive Web Design. Check this complete guide to a website redesign.

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What they are and how they work

Google is all about mobile first and requires web designer to take into consideration desktop computers, mobile phones, and mobile devices.

Responsive Web Design

A properly implemented responsive website looks good at every screen size. To achieve this, the site uses a combination of fluid design and media queries to determine breakpoints.

Fluid layouts use percentages to determine how content will be distributed on the page. For example, three columns at 30% width and the remaining 10% of space dedicated to whitespace.  

responsive website design
Source

When elements on the page become too narrow for a certain screen resolution, media queries within the site’s code tell the browser to switch to another layout configuration. Typically, a responsive website will have four breakpoints (mobile, tablet, desktop, large screen).

As you can see by the responsive example above, there is a smooth flow between each distinct breakpoint.

Adaptive Web Design

On the other hand, adaptive websites use the browser’s user-agent to determine the type of device (eg. desktop or mobile) being used to visit the website. Once the server has this information, it relays the most appropriate “version” of the site to the browser making the request.

Although adaptive websites are able to create several “versions” of the same site, most website builders that use an adaptive implementation use two distinct versions: desktop and mobile. It’s also important to note that certain tools geared towards professionals will offer a third version for tablets.

adaptive website design
Source

Building and managing a website (who? how?)

Responsive Web Design

Generally speaking, there are four user types that will build responsive websites.

1) People without coding experience will select a pre-built responsive template and then replace its content with their own.

While content management systems like WordPress won’t give inexperienced users much design flexibility, website builders like Squarespace make it a little easier to move things around while staying within the limitations of the template.

However, without some coding experience, you won’t be able to change much when it comes to the site’s layout. Here’s a quick example:

squarespace examples
Source


2) Designers with an understanding of how the code works will tend to look at Visual Page Builders like Divi or professional tools like Webflow. This gives them a tremendous amount of control without having to edit any of the source code.

3) Developers with less front-end design experience will tend to use Bootstrap to help them code their websites. Bootstrap is the world’s most popular front-end component library which makes the building process easier and faster.

4) Experienced developers are able to build everything from scratch.

Adaptive Web Design

Adaptive websites have been a growing trend because of three main factors:

  • A growing number of people want to build their own website
  • Most don’t have any coding experience
  • People don’t want to feel like they are stuck in a template

Because of this, adaptive site builders like Wix and PageCloud now power millions of websites worldwide. Although most of these websites are built by DIYers, many designers use these tools for their efficiencies and ease of use.

Essentially, adaptive website builders enable you to create a desktop version of your site and then adjust the mobile version so that it’s just right.

Because adaptive builders use absolute position instead of relative position, you can move your content freely on the page the same way you would in a desktop app like Keynote or PowerPoint. This makes the design process much more intuitive for beginners.

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Responsive Web Design

Since responsive web design is so complex (high barrier to entry), most that choose this approach will use a template. Typically, templates are built for CMS’s like WordPress and will range from FREE to $300+.

Although, as mentioned above, certain website builders like Squarespace and Shopify offer a collection of free responsive templates you can use when subscribed to their service.

Here are some of the most popular sources for responsive templates.

Website Template Examples

Template Monster

monster web templates

Theme Forest

web templates forestthemes

Colorlib

website colorlib

Squarespace

squarespace example

Adaptive Web Design

There are no public marketplaces for adaptive web design templates.

Adaptive website builders were developed in order to give non-technical individuals the ability to create custom websites that look great on all devices without having to code.

Therefore, each adaptive platform offers its own templates that you can easily customize however to your preference.

Here are a few adaptive web design examples

Wix

wix website templates

PageCloud

pagecloud templates

Instapage

instapage web templates

Fast and Painless – Website Redesign

The Result? A beautiful, fast, SEO tuned and mobile friendly website.

Pros and Cons of a Responsive Web Design

Pros and Cons

Pros

  • Websites look great on every screen size
  • Site-wide changes are simplified because the websites use a template
  • Responsive templates can be a source of income for developers
  • Beginners can’t “break” the intended design of their website
  • It’s usually possible to switch templates without re-creating an entire website

Cons

  • Non-technical individuals are limited to templates or expensive third-party resources
  • Website creation is extremely time-consuming
  • Because of relative positioning, certain effects can be challenging (eg. layering)
  • Simple layout changes, like moving a text box, can be very difficult

Pros and Cons of a Adaptive Web Design

Pros

  • Websites look great at the most popular screen sizes
  • WYSIWYG editors allow any user to design a website without code
  • The fastest way to design a custom website with a small number of pages
  • Layering and creative layouts are easier to do
  • Customizing mobile version of adaptive websites is easy

Cons

  • Hard to make changes across multiple pages
  • Can’t switch templates without rebuilding the site
  • Inexperienced users can make their websites unattractive
  • Adaptive websites are typically platform-specific
  • No marketplace for adaptive templates

What’s better, responsive or adaptive?

It’s impossible to position either implementation technique as “better”.

Responsive websites tend to work better for large websites and agencies because of their premium price point and the control that professional can have over the site.

On the other hand, adaptive websites work best for smaller websites and individuals who want to build their own website and have control over their design.

Another interesting note is how adaptive builders have been adding more and more responsive elements within their designs, such as galleries. By offering this “best of both worlds” solution, they are gaining market share over the traditional responsive builders that have locked out non-technical individuals for years.

Wrap up on responsive websites vs. adaptive websites

I asked you at the begin of this post if you knew the difference between responsive websites vs. adaptive websites? Share your knowledge with us.

Have something to say about responsive websites vs. adaptive websites?

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Philip Westfall is the Director of Growth at PageCloud. Over the past several years, Philip has become an expert in SEO, product marketing, and user behavior. When he’s not at work, Philip loves being active and reading about the latest life hacks. 

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